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The oat economy on the saline land

Farmers 2018-02-06 13:37:38 17

Green mountains and rivers can become Jinshanyinshan, saline can grow new crops on the ground. Ren Changzhong, dean of the Academy of Agricultural Sciences of Baicheng City, Jilin Province, introduced: "Here is our base for the breeding and demonstration of oat seed breeding and demonstration in our Baierhe River, which is about 70 hectares and can now harvest 3000-4000 kilograms of oats per hectare."

Jilin Province has been hailed as "the world granary" and agriculture has always been one of its economic pillars. However, on this affluent black land, there is an area of ​​about 1 million hectares of saline-alkali zone across the west of Jilin Province, while the Baicheng area accounts for more than half of the total area of ​​saline-alkali land in Jilin Province. In order to turn "white" into "green", Jilin Province vigorously developed oat economy in the west and planned to build a 10-km2 Sino-Canadian oat industry park.

It is understood that the Oat Industry Park in China and Canada oats health products research and development, production, processing, storage and transportation, marketing as the core, extending from the core chain of oats to the regional ecological and economic development, poverty alleviation, low-yield field improvement, salinization, and then The modern large-scale standardized planting, intensive farming, intensive processing, high-quality refined feed, agricultural waste comprehensive utilization of resources, forming a step by step promote the industry complementary ecological agriculture a virtuous cycle model. Among them, only the top 10 oats processing series including 500,000 tons of oatmeal in the first phase of the construction of Oat International Industrial Park are covered. The four major functional areas cover an area of ​​about 4 square kilometers with a total investment of more than 10 billion yuan (RMB) , The annual output value of up to 30 billion yuan, driven by the industrial park industrial chain, the annual output value can be over 100 billion yuan.

"Oatmeal is recognized as a nutrition and health food at home and abroad and can be processed into a variety of products such as oatmeal, oat flour, oatmeal, oat wine and the like, and is a high-quality forage that can be said to be used as a food, In addition, Baicheng oats high yield, disease resistance, drought resistance, drought resistance, and adaptability, not only in barren fertile land growth, but also reduce the salinity of the land, so that a step by step alkaline soil salinization, ecological restoration The role of. "Ren Changzhong said so.

He said that at present he and his team have already rented more than 260 hectares of saline land in Baicheng for the trial of oat breeding. After many years of experiments, 19 new varieties of oats were finally screened out, and "one forage grass and two grasses", "one grain and two grasses", "two seasons double ripening" and "forage grazing" were initiated, which not only promoted oats Cultivation mode innovation, but also greatly improved the yield per unit area of ​​oats and economic benefits.

(Xu month)