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The "Earth's Ear" in the Devil Triangle, the largest and smallest town in China

Science 2018-01-23 12:11:16 22

An endless Gobi beach, there is no grass, there is no river, the summer temperatures as high as 70 ℃; the sky did not see a bird, nor any birds dare to cross; here the wind is particularly large, particularly large, more than seven windy weather Reaching more than 200 days; here, the annual precipitation is only 39 millimeters, evaporation is 100 times that.

In 1980, the famous scientist Peng Jiamu went missing here for scientific investigation;

In 1996, explorer Yu Chun-shun was killed again here;

From Loulan ancient city ruins to the Pisces jade, and then mushroom cloud rise, this is Lop Nur, a mysterious place, a desirable place, a place that shocked the world.

Since ancient times, in order to reveal the truth of Lop Nur, countless explorers want to reveal the mystery of Lop Nur, are all gone, so called Lop Nur region as the "devil triangle."

Lop Nur, also known as Robbull, is located in the northeast of Ruqian County in the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region. The lowest point in the Tarim Basin is Tarim River, Peacock River, Che'erchen River and Shule River.

Lop Nur a total area of ​​more than 100,000 square kilometers, equivalent to the total area of ​​Zhejiang Province, China was the second largest lagoon, due to the shape of human ear, also known as "the ear of the earth."

However, the former Lop Nor is not a restricted area of ​​life.

In the distant past, there is a huge herd of cattle, surrounded by green forests and rivers, a clear oasis of life.

Han Dynasty Lop Nur had had a large population, large-scale Loulan Kingdom.

In 126 BC, Zhang Qian returned to the western region to write to the Emperor Wudi: "Loulan, Shi Yi has Cheng Guo, Lin Yanze." Since then, Kingdom of Loulan gradually became familiar with the Central Plains and became the throat gateway to the south branch of the Silk Road.

According to Tao Yuan Yuan "water by the note," records, after the Eastern Han Dynasty, due to the Tarim River in the middle of the river bank diversion, leading Lou Lan serious water shortage.

Dunhuang Sole flew 1,000 to Loulan, and summoned Shanshan, Yanqi, Kucha three soldiers 3,000 people, regardless of day and night cross-cut note river, diversion into the Loulan, Loulan ease the predicament.

Despite the greatest efforts for centuries, the ancient city of Loulan can not live due to the ongoing drought.

Prosperous Loulan, thus quietly withdraw from the stage of history, leaving only an empty city was gradually eroded by the Millennium sand into ruins, leaving people sigh sigh, endless reverie.

In 1921, the Tarim River diversion eastward, the river washed away dunes into the lake, Lop Nur re-emerged green and life, to 1950, the lake area and up to more than 2000 square kilometers.

After the founding of New China, many waves of reclamation began to emerge. The population on both sides of the Tarim River surged and the demand for water also increased. After the expansion of arable land to use water, mineral exploration needs water, people are desperate to the Tarim River to water. In the past several decades, more than 130 reservoirs have been built in the Tarim River Basin, blindly using water as a water trap, and finally pumping the Tarim River.

Led to the surrounding desertification serious, vast Lop Nur into a dry salt. All the herbaceous plants died, and the desert guard guard poplar trees died. The desert was propelled to Lop Nur at a rate of 3 to 5 meters a year, and soon became integrated with the vast Taklamakan Desert. Since then, Lop Nur has become a place where life is no longer called "the sea of ​​death."

From Ruoqian County along the 315 National Road all the way east into the Lop Nur. There are no plants, no animals, no water, no buildings, no people, no cell phone signals or even a sense of direction, except for the boundless salt land. In addition to gravel, or gravel; in addition to gravel, or gravel.

The landform of Lop Nur town is lacustrine sedimentary plain. Due to the discovery of potassium-rich brine mine with a reserve of 200 million tons, it is the largest potassium sulfate production base in the world. In order to facilitate the mining, people have been in the dry Lop Nur to create an area of ​​200 square kilometers of water, Lop Nur presents unprecedented new vision.

Due to the floating population of 4,200 people, it created the need for administrative management. April 2002 formally set up the town of Lop Nur, it is the disappearance of the Loulan ancient country more than 1,000 years ago, Lop Nur was born in the first government agency, the area of ​​52,000 square kilometers, the equivalent of the whole territory of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, called China The first town.

Township only one town government, a police station, a road maintenance station.

There are no streets in the town area, and there are a few adobe houses on the dirt road side, a few simple shelters, a supermarket and several small restaurants serving the big truck drivers who pick up the goods in the potash-salt mining area. Therefore, Lop Nur is definitely the largest and smallest town in China.

There is a straight road to Lop Nur through the town of Lop Nur, a straight one like a tar road. This highway is actually the salt water in the ground poured into the salt shell softened later, with the roller flattened into repair.

Yadan distributed in the north and east of the Lop Nur, a piece of wind erosion formed Ya Dan, soil platform continuous, as if the wilderness on the ghost city. Dunhuang Yadan Ghost Town is part of Gobo Park, located about 180 kilometers northwest of Dunhuang City, about 100 kilometers northwest of Yumen Pass. Park area of ​​398 square kilometers.

Into the Jardine devil city, like to a decadent ancient city: Castle walls, buildings, squares, streets, sculptures and other shapes vivid, vivid, as clever layout designer elaborate layout, the other people relaxed and happy, freeing thoughts, imagination .